Applied research is a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical application of science. It accesses and uses some part of the research communities' (the academia's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state-, business-, or client-driven purpose. Applied research is contrasted with pure research (basic research) in discussion about research ideals, methodologies, programs, and projects.
Please find below some biobased applied research cases executed by Living Lab Biobased Brazil partners.
Cooperation in Water Technology
NHL Stenden worked together with Universities and company's in Brazil and the Netherlands on the topic of Water Technology.
Here you find an overview of joint research projects in Minas Gerais:
Investigating technological challenges to implement new sanitation concepts in Brazil.
Type of program: Branetec (1 year project, 2014-2015)
Financial Support: CEW, NHL, CAPES, Crolim, Exata Engenharia
Understanding Anammox limits
Type of program: Master thesis (practical work) Duration: 1 year
Financial Support: CEW, PAQUES, CAPES
Application of wastewater treatment systems to minimize the water consumption of a pulp mill located in the Rio Doce basin (WatMin)
Type of program: Biobased (Brazil) Water Technology 1 Duration: 2 years
Financial Support: SIA, FAPEMIG
Type of program: KIEM CE 2017 + KIEM 2020 Duration: 1 year (each project)
Financial Support: SIA
-Development of an ultrasound system to monitor the concentration of solid particles in wastewater treatment plants settlers and to indicate
(real time). This is predicted to start in the second semester of 2021.
-A similar sensor was developed and tested in another project (in 2017-2018) which operated successfully at solids concentration up to 1% in UASB
The aim of the project is to study the purification of the CNSL obtained from pyrolytic isolation. In order to find the most efficient way to use the CNSL oil and the total biomass of the cashew nuts. More information here.
Sustainable solid Biofuels
In this Sustainable Solid Biofuels project: Universidade Federal de
Viçosa (UFV), joins forces with Avans University of Applied Sciences and two Dutch SMEs; Privium B.V. and Charcotec B.V. to contribute to a zero-waste and low carbon emission production of
charcoal by evaluating the feasibility and energy efficiency of different conversion technologies.
Upgrading and converting FFA-rich waste oils
Financial support: SIA
In the project Avans UAS together with Dutch company van der Kooy and in collaboration with universities from Brazil: UFMG and UFV and Spain: UPC, looked at possibilities of producing biodiesel from waste oils from vegetable oil refineries (NL) and Macauba (Brazil). Two new methods have been developed to produce biodiesel form (waste) oils with high fatty acid content. In the first method, marble residual flows are used as a catalyst. The other method first reduces the fatty acid content and then produces biodiesel using existing technologies. The kinetic parameters have been determined for both methods and the processes have also been simulated with ASPEN+.
Opportunities for composting in Brazil
In this project, two Dutch SMEs (Dutch Waste Management, Virida) and two educational institutions (Avans Hogeschool and Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais-UFMG) decided to join forces and take up the challenge to come up with an action plan for realization of proper collection and treatment of municipal organic waste in Minas Gerais. Based on an inventory of the current situation, the action plan describes which steps are required to achieve this, which subsidies are available for this and what the role of Dutch companies can be in this process. For more information and action plan see here.
Solid urban waste management: Cooperation & Consortium development
In June 2016, two Dutch SME companies which are active in the area of urban solid waste management approached the International Environmental Sciences department of Avans about the current R&D activities on urban solid waste management in cooperation with the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) Brazil. The companies had interest in developing activities in Brazil, since they are aware of the great potential for exporting both knowledge and technology.
Solid waste poses a major problem in Brazil which affects 200 million residents. The Brazilian municipalities collect around 71 million tons solid municipal waste on a yearly basis and only a tiny percentage of this collected waste gets recycled. As such. the overwhelming majority of the collected urban solid waste goes to landfills. Within the State of Minas Gerais there are 850 towns of which 600 have less than 20.000 residents and are agriculturally oriented. Current organic waste composting practices take place under very poor conditions (pathogens and weeds still remain in the compost) and most often the resulting compost product is not well received by its residential and agricultural consumers. As such there is huge room for improvement. The SME companies work with Avans and UFMG to address these challenges. The joint research team consisting of the two Dutch SME companies and the two Research and educational institutes have defined the following research question: What is the current status of organic solid waste management in Minas Gerais and how can cooperation between Brazil and the Netherlands result in a win-win for both countries?
Circular Dairy Economy through Private Sector Investment in Brazil
This pre-study anticipates to a SIA call focussing on circular and bio-based economy in Brazil. It is linked to the Living Lab Brazil managed by Avans University of Applied Sciences. Although the dairy value chain will benefit from both circular and bio-based principles, this pre-study will be limited to circular systems.
There is a vast potential for investment by the Dutch and Brazilian private sector in the dairy value chain in Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. There is also ample room to improve production efficiency towards a more circular system. Notwithstanding the business opportunities in the Brazilian dairy sector, there are challenges in attracting and consolidating partnerships along the circular-based value chain. A better understanding of the demands, challenges and opportunities of the interested Dutch companies is highly relevant to develop sustainable circular-based dairy value chains. Therefore, the goal of our project proposal is the exploration of a potential Dutch business network that is interested to invest in the Brazilian circular dairy value chain, and an exploration of the potential business opportunities for the Dutch and Brazilian dairy sector.
The consortium in our proposal is conformed as follows:
(a) Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences (VHL). VHL is the leading knowledge institute. Vilentum University of Applied Sciences and the Federal University of Viçosa will participate through VHL.
(b) Alta Genetics BV; (c) Groasis BV.
To achieve our goal we focus on the following questions:
The outputs of this study will be: